微生物的微生物称为一组在一个特定的环境中,例如在一个器官,在一个小动物,或在一个工厂,Ortega-Anaya博士解释道。这是一个特定的微生物和特征集合。在人类中,我们有一些微生物,是非常重要的。我们有皮肤微生物,即。,skin collection of microbes. Then we have the oral microbiome, in the mouth, and we have the respiratory microbiome, in the nose, lungs, and respiratory system. We also have the urogenital microbiome, and the most important one, that has been receiving a lot of attention lately, is the gastrointestinal microbiome, also called the gut microbiome, Dr. Ortega-Anaya says.
益生菌被认为是益生菌,它需要做的第一件事就是忍受胃条件,即。,low pH, the bile salts, etc. Once it does reach the duodenum, which is the first part of the intestine, what it needs to do at that point is to adhere to the intestinal mucosa. The adherence is pivotal for the bacteria to be considered a probiotic. This is because all the microbiome is on such mucosa, and that’s where everything happens, Dr. Ortega-Anaya explains. All gut bacteria adhere to the intestinal mucosa. So, when you ingest a probiotic, the first thing that it does once it enters the intestine is to adhere to the intestinal mucosa.